Knitting Abbreviations

Abbreviation Description   Abbreviation Description
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed pat(s)
or patt
( ) work instructions within parentheses in the place directed pm place marker
* * repeat instructions following the asterisks as directed pop popcorn
* repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed p2tog purl 2 stitches together
inch(es) prev previous
alt alternate psso pass slipped stitch over
approx approximately pwise purlwise
beg begin/beginning rem remain/remaining
bet between rep repeat(s)
BO bind off rev St st reverse stockinette stitch
CA color A RH right hand
CB color B rnd(s) round(s)
CC contrasting color RS right side
cm centimeter(s) sk skip
cn cable needle skp slip, knit, pass stitch over—one stitch decreased
CO cast on sk2p slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together;
2 stitches have been decreased
cont continue sl slip
dec decrease/
sl1k slip 1 knitwise
dpn double pointed needle(s) sl1p slip 1 purlwise
fl front loop(s) sl st slip stitch(es)
foll follow/follows/
ss slip stitch (Canadian)
g gram ssk slip, slip, knit these 2 stiches together—a decrease
inc increase/increases/
sssk slip, slip, slip, knit 3 stitches together
k or K knit st(s) stitch(es)
k2tog knit 2 stitches together St st stockinette stitch/stocking stitch
kwise knitwise tbl through back loop
LH left hand tog together
lp(s) loop(s) WS wrong side
m meter(s) wyib with yarn in back
M1 make one stitch wyif with yarn in front
M1 p-st make one purl stitch yd(s) yard(s)
MC main color yfwd yarn forward
mm millimeter(s) yo yarn over
oz ounce(s) yrn yarn around needle
p or P purl yon yarn over needle

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